A Socio-economic Survey of Farmers in Selected Local Government Areas of Borno State, Northeastern Nigeria


Farmers’ characteristics
Land disputes
Land tenure

How to Cite

Bwala, J. M., Mshelizah, U. M, & Mshelia, B. S. (2021). A Socio-economic Survey of Farmers in Selected Local Government Areas of Borno State, Northeastern Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 7(2), 138-151. Retrieved from http://jaeess.com.ng/index.php/jaeess/article/view/115


A socio-economic survey of farmers’ in selected farming Local Government Areas of Borno
State, Nigeria was carried out in the year 2020 in order to suggest solutions that can improve
production. The selected Local Government Areas include Bayo, Biu, Kwaya-Kusar, Hawul
and Shani. Structured questionnaire was designed and administered in 25 farming
communities in the study area. A total of 375 household heads (farmers) were randomly
selected 5 each in the 25 communities drawn from the 5 LGAs. Simple descriptive statistics
such as percentages, frequency distribution tables, and charts were used to analyze the data
generated. The study revealed male farmers dominated the farming population (86%). 61.1%
of the farmers were in the active age category (31-45yrs) and formally educated with farming
as both their primary occupation and main source of income. The land tenure arrangements
identified in ascending order of importance are family inheritance, individual, communal and
government ownerships. Acquisition of land for farming purposes was not a problem especially
to non-indigenes or by purchase or rent/hire. Cases of land disputes were few in the
communities and were resolved mainly by the family/community elders. The average farm
holding in the communities was 5.7 hectare per farmer which is above the national average of
2 hectares. Only 6.1% had access to loan before but most (98.7%) indicated the need to have
grants and 36.8% expressed desire to have loans now. It is recommended that land tenure
reform on inherited agricultural lands be undertaken with the view to sufficiently liberalize
land rights. This is to suggest that government need to redefine the land use decree of 1978, so
as to separate farm Lands from Lands for other uses as the land tenure affects their crop



Adeniyi, D. A. S. (2019). Sustainable Irrigation Agriculture for Food Security and Poverty Reduction among Smallholder Farmers in Northern Nigeria.

Amaza, P. S., Olayemi, J. K., Adejibi, A. O., Bila, Y. & Iheanacho, I. (2007). Base Line Socio-economic Survey Report. Agriculture in Borno State, Nigeria. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Asadu, C. L. A., Onyeme, E., and Asadu, A. N. (2019). Comparison of Land Use Practices and Their Limitations in Five Agrarian Communities in Southeastern Nigeria. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD), 3(2), 856-862.

Awotide, B. A., Abdoulaye, T., Alene, A. and Manyong, V. M. (2019). Socio-economic Factors and Smallholder Cassava Farmers' Access to Credit in South-western Nigeria.

Bolarinwa, K. A., Ogunkanmi, L. A., Ogundipe, O. T., Agboola, O. O., and Amusa, O. D. (2021). An Investigation of Cowpea Production Constraints and Preferences among Smallholder Farmers in Nigeria. GeoJournal, 1-13.

Bwala, A. A. B. (2011). Domestic Water Resources Availability and Utilization in the Biu Plateau Region of Borno State. Ph. D. Thesis, Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Yola. 50pp

Emefiele, G. (2017). A Central Bank of Nigeria, (CBN) Report for May 2017. CBN, Abuja.

Fadairo, O., Williams, P. A., and Nalwanga, F. S. (2019). Perceived Livelihood Impacts and Adaptation of Vegetable Farmers to Climate Variability and Change in Selected Sites from Ghana, Uganda and Nigeria. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1-19.

Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) (2016). The Agriculture Promotion Policy (2016–2020). Retrieved from http://fmard.gov.ng/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/2016-Nigeria-Agric-SectorPolicy-Roadmap_June-15-2016_Final.pdf

Kansiime, M. K., Tambo, J. A., Mugambi, I., Bundi, M., Kara, A., and Owuor, C. (2021). COVID-19 Implications on Household Income and Food Security in Kenya and Uganda: Findings from a Rapid Assessment. World Development, 137, 105199.

Martey, E., and Kuwornu, J. K. (2021). Perceptions of Climate Variability and Soil Fertility Management Choices among Smallholder Farmers in Northern Ghana. Ecological Economics, 180, 106870.

Mgbenka, R. N. and Mbah, E. N. (2016). A Review of Smallholder Farming in Nigeria: Need for Transformation. International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, 3 (2): 43-54.

Ojong, M. U., Iji, M. E., and Angioha, P. U. (2019). Curing Socio-economic Ills in Obudu Local Government Area: An Assessment of Non-Governmental Agencies Activities. Journal of Social Service and Welfare, 1(2), 38-45.

Phillip, D. O. A., Peter, E., and Girei, A. A. (2019). Determination of Optimum Crop Mix Using Linear Programming (LP) among Small Holder Farmers in Agricultural Zone Four of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 1-10.

Shehu, B. G. and Clarke, M. L. (2020). Successful and Sustainable Crop Based Biodiesel Programme in Nigeria through Ecological Optimization and Intersectoral Policy Realignment. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 134, 110383.


Download data is not yet available.