Climate Change Anomalies and Beans Production in Nigeria
PDF

Keywords

Beans
Climate change
Net Revenue
Nigeria
Trend
Yield.

How to Cite

Ajala, A. K., Ajetomobi, J. O., & Ojedokun, I. K. (2021). Climate Change Anomalies and Beans Production in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 7(2), 217-233. Retrieved from http://jaeess.com.ng/index.php/jaeess/article/view/125

Abstract

This study evaluated the impact of climate change on yield and net revenue of beans production
in Nigeria using Feasible Generalised Least Square and Hedonic Ricardian Approach. Secondary
data were used for this study; monthly rainfall and temperature data from 1981 to 2019 were
obtained from Nigeria Meteorological agency while data on socioeconomic and demographic
characteristics as well as farm production for 2000 beans farmers across the six agro-ecological
zones were obtained from General household survey wave IV. The study reveals that beans crop
is sensitive to infinitesimal change in temperature than rainfall. The marginal impact analysis of
increasing temperature and rainfall indicated that a unit increase in rainfall decreased the net
revenue of beans by N14,997 per hectare, while a unit increase in temperature increased the net
revenue of the beans production in Nigeria by N15,316 per hectare. The adjusted mean yield of
beans will increase by 1.058kg per hectare with a unit increase in temperature while it will reduce
0.173 per hectare with a unit increase in rainfall. The study also examined the impact of predicted
climate scenarios from two models namely Canadian Climate Change and Parallel Climate Model
on net revenue for the years 2050 and 2100. All these models indicated increasing temperature
would have a positive impact on the net revenue from beans production for the year 2050 but the
impact will be negative by year 2100. This means there will be more profit from beans production
in year 2050 while in 2100 the beans farmers will produce at loss. Nigeria government should
therefore consider designing and implementing adaptation policies to counteract the harmful
impacts of climate change on beans production

PDF

References

Ajetomobi, J. O., Abiodun, A. & Hassan, R. (2011). Impacts of Climate Change on Rice Agriculture in Nigeria. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems. 14(2): 613-622

Ajetomobi, J. O. & Ajiboye, A. (2010). Climate change impacts on cowpea productivity in Nigeria. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 10 (3).

Arimi S. K. (2020). Climate change adaptation and resilience among vegetable farmers. International journal of vegetable science. Doi.101080/19315260.2020.1861160.

Cabas, J., Weersink, A., & Olale, E. (2010). Crop yield response to economic, site and climatic variables. Climatic Change, 101(3-4), 599-616. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-009-9754-4

Eid, H. M., El-Marsafawy, S. M., & Ouda, S. A. (2007). Assesing the economic impact of climate change on agriculture in Egypt: A Ricardian approach. The World Bank policy research paper, 4293

Enete, A. A. & Amusa, T. A. (2010). Challenges of agricultural adaptation to climate change in Nigeria: a synthesis from the literature. Field Actions Science Reports 4.

Enete, A. A., Madu, I. I., Onwubuya, E. A., Onyekuru, A. N., Mojekwu, J. C. & Eze, F. (2011). Indigenous agricultural adaptation to climate change: Study of Southeast Nigeria. African

Technology Policy Studies Network WORKING PAPER SERIES/ No. 53. Website: www.atpsnet.org.

FAOSTAT. FAOSTAT, online database. FAO (available at http://faostat3.fao.org/home/index.html#HOME).Iloeje, N.P. (2001). A new geography of Nigeria. New Revised Edition. Longman Nigeria PLC. 200 p.

IPCC (2007). Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ML, Parry OF, Canziani JP, Palutikof PJ, van der Linden E and Hanson CE., (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp 7-22.

Issahaku, Z A, & Maharjan, K. L. (2014). Climate change impact on revenue of major food crops in Ghana: Structural Ricardian cross-sectional analysis. In Communities and Livelihood Strategies in Developing Countries (pp. 13-32). Springer

Just, R. E., & Pope, R. D. (1978). Stochastic specification of production functions and economic implications. Journal of Econometrics, 7(1), 67–86.

Kabubo-Mariara, J., & Karanja, F. K. (2007). The economic impact of climate change on Kenyan crop agriculture: A Ricardian approach. The World Bank.

Kurukulasuriya, P., & Mendelsohn, R. (2008). Crop switching as a strategy for adapting to climate change. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2, 105-126.

Maikasuwa, M. A., & Ala, A. L. (2013). Determination of profitability and resource-use efficiency of yam production by women in Bosso Local Government Area, Niger State, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, 9(16), 196-205.

McCarthy, J., Canziani, O. F., Leary, N. A., Dokken, D. J. & White, C. (Eds), 2001. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Intergovernmental Panel on ClimateChange (IPCC), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Mendelsohn, R. 2007. Measuring climate impacts with cross sectional analysis. Climate Change 18: 1-7

Mendelsohn, R., Arellano-Gonzalez, J., & Christensen, P. (2010). A Ricardian analysis of Mexican farms. Environment and Development Economics, 15(2), 153–171.

Mendelsohn, R. O., & Dinar, A. (2009). Climate change and agriculture: An economic analysis of global impacts, adaptation and distributional effects. Edward Elgar Publishing

Mendelsohn, R., Nordhaus, W. D., & Shaw, D. (1994). The impact of global warming on agriculture: A Ricardian analysis. The American Economic Review, 753–771.

Morton, J. F. (2007). The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistence agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), 19680–19685

Murital, M. and Agabje, I. B. (2018). Effect of climate change on cowpea yield in Kaduna State, Nigeria: Evidence from rainfall and temperature parameters. Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences (DUJOPAS) 4(2): 565-574

Mzirai, N., and Senga, H. (2014). Impact of climate chnge on Maize and Beans production and compatibl=ility of adaptation strategies in Pangani River basin Tanzania. International Journal of Science: basic and applied Research pp 196-213

NIMET (2012), 2012 Nigeria climate review. Nigerian Meteorological Agency, NIMET: Abuja

Onoja, A. O., & Achike, A. I. (2014). Economic analysis of climate change effects on arable crop production in Nigeria. Economic Analysis, 5(10).

Shehu, J. F., Iyortyer, J. T., Mshelia, S. I., & Jongur, A. A. U. (2010). Determinants of Yam Production and Technical Efficiency among Yam Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria. J. Soc Sci, 24(2), 143-148.

Washington, W. M., Weatherly, J. W., Meehl, G. A., Semtner Jr, A. J., Bettge, T. W., Craig, A. P., … James, R. (2000). Parallel climate model (PCM) control and transient simulations. Climate Dynamics, 16(10–11), 755–774

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.