The experiment was conducted to assess physical, chemical and total bacterial counts of ensiled Lablab and Hay as influenced by variety and periods in semi-arid region of Borno state. The experiment was carried out at the Animal Science Laboratory, University of Maiduguri. 50kg of fresh leaves from three Lablab varieties were used for the experiment. Size reduction was done in the first part to 3cm, wilted and 3kg were ensiled in mini silo then replicated three times, each variety were then subjected to 30, 40 and 50days fermentation and silage quality were analysed using Completely Randomized Design. The second part (25kg) was spilt into two, then cured under sun and under Shade for 3 days. Results showed no significant difference on the main effects of silage. CP for all the varieties ranges between 11.32 to 12.26%. Furthermore, there was significant difference observed on effects of days of silage on chemical composition. Silage at 50days recorded the highest DM and OM with 90.4 and 87.6% respectively. All fibre fraction in the period measured and interaction effects between varieties and days of silage had significant (P<0.05) difference, with 50days silage recording the highest DM, OM, CF, NDF and ADF for all varieties. However, no significant difference was observed on the main effects of varieties on mineral composition. Quality under different periods maintain green colour at 30days of silage for all varieties. The chemical composition of the two curing methods used for the lablab varieties revealed that DM, OM, NDF, ADF were higher in sun dried hay while CP was higher in shade dried. Physical characteristics of lablab hay under the two curing methods were rated good. In conclusion, white and brown varieties of lablab gave better DM and CP at 30 to 40days silage. Appearance was very good at 30 and 40days of silage and both sun and shade dried lablab were excellent when cured for 3days.
Abegunde, T.O., Lawan, A.O., Asebiode, T.J., Abadamosi, A.A and Adetona, E.A. (2015).
Nutritive Value and Acceptability of Alali treated Purpureus Hays by West Africa Dwarf Goat (WAG). Proceeding of the 20th Annual Conference September 6-10 2015, Ibadan pp 652-656.
Agricultural Research Council (ARC, 1980). The Nutrient Requirement of Ruminant Livestock
Technical Review Common Wealth.
Ahamefule, F.O and Udo, M.O. (2010). Performance of West African Dwarf Goats Fed Processed Pigion-Rea (Cajanus cajan) Seed Meal Based Diet. Nigerian journal of animal production, 37(2): 227-336.
AOAC (Association of Analytical Chemists) (2000). Official Methods of Analysis, (17th Edition). Association of Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC.
Castridge, M. I. (2006). Major Advances in Applied Dairy Cattle Nutrition. Journal of Diary Science 89: 1311- 1323
Encarta. 2007. Encarta Microsoft @ student 2007 (DVD). Redmond, W. A: Microsoft Corporation.
Fajemilehin, S.O.K., Babayemi, O.J and Fagbuare, S.S. (2008) Effects of Anhydrous Magnesium Sulphate Fertilizer and Cutting Frequency on Yield and Chemical Composition of Panicum Maximum, African Journal of Biotech Vol. 7(7): 907-911.
Falola, O.O., Adedeji, O.Y., Saka, A.A., Adegbite, O.O and Adisa, A.F. (2015). Silage Quality Performance Characteristics and Blood Parameters of West African Dwarf (WAD) Goats Fed Vetiver Grass (Chrysopojun zizanioucs L. Roberty) Ensiled with Cassava.
Garba, Y and Maigandi, S.A. (2008). Nutrient Digestibility and Utilization by Growing Sheep Fed Ensiled Fire Stomach Digest with Poultry Liter Waste (FLW) Proceedings of the 19 Annual Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN) September 15-19 2008 ABU Zaria pp222-229 Nigeria Journal of Animal Production (2015) Vol. 42 :178-184.
Kung, I. and Shaver, R. (2007). Interpretation and use of Silage Fermentation Analysis Reports. Department of Animal and Food Science University of Delaware New York, USA, DE 197117.
Lien, L. V., Sansouncy, B. and Then, N. (1994). Preserving Shrimps Head and Animal Blood with Molasses and feeding them as a Supplement for Pigs. Proceedings of the National Seminar Workshop on Sustainable livestock Production on Local Feed Resources. November 22-27.1993. Ho Chi Minh City.
Mannetje, L. (1999). Introduction to Conference on Silage making in the Tropics in Mannetje (Ed) Silage Making in the Tropics with Particular Emphasis on Small Holder. FAO. Part Production and Protection 161.
Nocek, J.E. (1988). In situ and other Methods to Estimate Ruminal Protein and Energy Digestibility: A review. Journal of Dairy Science 71: 2051 – 2069.
Nweze, B.O (2017). Nigeria Pastoral Farming and Pasture Production, Dika’s Publication COY Abakalaki, Ebonyi State. Pp 239.
Ojo, V.O., Adeniran, M.M., Odunaye, B.T., Adetounbo, G.A., Rafiu, M.A., Adeoye, S.A., Ogunsain, A.O., Adelusi, O.O., Amodu J.T and Amole T.A (2015), Effect of Animal Manure Rate and Irrigation Frequencies on the Mineral Contents of Selected Herbaceous Legumes. Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference September 6-10, (2015).
Ranjah, S.K. (1981) Animal Nutrition in Tropics 2nd Rev. Ed, New Delhi Vikas Publishing House put ltd pp 31-38.
Stewart, W.M. (2011) Plant Nutrition Today. From Scientific Staff of the International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI), Norcross, Georgia.
Ugherughe, P. O & Ekedolum, P. A. 1986. Pasture and Rangeland Potentials. Annals of Borno, 3: 179-192.
Van soest, PJ., Robert, J.B. and Lewis B.A. (1991). Methods for Dietary Fiber, Neutral Detergent Fiber and non-Starch Polysaccharides in Relation to Animal Nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 71:3583-389.
Wanapat, M. Rumen Manipulation to Increase the Efficient Use of Local Feed Resources and Productivity of Ruminants in the Tropics. Asian-Aus. Journal of Animal Science. 2000. 13, 59–67.
Zehra Sariçiçek B. and Ünal KILIÇ (2009). The Effects of Different Additives on Silage Gas Production, Fermentation Kinetics and Silage Quality. Ozean Journal of Applied Sciences, 2, 1943-2429.