Species Diversity and Relative Abundance of Birds of Prey in North Western Region of Nigeria


birds of prey
road transect

How to Cite

Sabo, B.B., & Mohammed, S. (2023). Species Diversity and Relative Abundance of Birds of Prey in North Western Region of Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 9(1), 52-66. Retrieved from http://jaeess.com.ng/index.php/jaeess/article/view/161


The study aimed to determine the abundance of birds of prey in in North Western Region of
Nigeria, carried out between September, 2022 and January 2023, with a view to providing
information in a bid to establish a baseline for conservation for this group of birds. Road transect
line method was used to collect data on bird diversity, abundance and distribution and each site
was surveyed twice every month during the study period. Bird observation was carried out twice
daily; morning between 6:00 to 10:00 a.m. and evening between 4:00 to 6:30p.m. The species
relative abundance index was used to find the relative abundance in the region, whereas Shannon-
Wiener diversity index (H′) was used to determine species diversity. A total of thirty two (32)
species of 3 families were recorded including species of global conservation concern during this
study, indicating that the North western region of Nigeria is an important breeding, roosting, and
feeding habitat for several raptor species. The findings from this study provide evidence that the
areas can serve as a refuge for birds. Therefore, conservation efforts should as well be directed
towards making communities view human occupied areas as a habitat for birds, and not as a lost



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