The economic prospects of ecosystem services accessed by communities around Girei forest
reserve were investigated. This was as a result of over dependence on the forest reserve as a source
of livelihood. A stratified random sampling was used to interview 180 household heads on their
socio-economic characteristics and the benefits they derived from the forest reserve. Relevant
descriptive statistical tools were used to analyze the data. The results showed that most households
were headed by males 91.3% while 8.7% of the households were headed by females. The mean
annual income of the respondents was ₦267,401. A lot of benefits were obtained from the forest
reserve such as honey, firewood, poles, medicines, grass etc. The estimated annual monetary value
of ecosystem provisioning services obtained from the forest reserve is ₦25,907,400 per annum.
However, due to the enormous benefits derived from the forest reserve and the unsustainable
harvest of the forest resources as a source of livelihood, quantitative assessment of the indigenous
tree species in Girei forest reserve was also carried out. To achieve these;;the relative frequency,
density, relative dominance, and importance value index of tree species in the forest reserve were
determined. The tree with the highest dominance Tamarindus indica (39.1) while the least is
Prosopis africana (0.54). The importance value index shows that Tamarindus indica (28.67) has
the highest value index while the least is Parkia biglobosa (1.90). The result of diversity of the tree
species was 1.941 using Shanno’s diversity index which indicates uncertainty of the species in the
study area. Therefore, there is need for urgent concerted management and policy actions which
are geared towards monitoring the health and integrity of Girei forest reserve such it can continue
to generate ecosystem services which are beneficial to the present and future generations.
of Gashaka Gumti National Park, Taraba State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Forestry,
Wildlife and Enviroment 10(4), 17-24.
Agbeja B. O. (2004). The need to link State and Federal Forest Policies and Institution in Nigeria.
In rebuilding African capacity for Agricultural Development. The role of Tertiary
education. African network for Agro forestry Education. (ANAFE) Kenya Pp. 95-105
Abu, J. E. and Adebisi, L. A. (2002). A review of Traditional Forest Uses. In: Popoola, L (Ed).
Forest, People and the Environment Proceedings of National Workshop organized by
FANCONSULT and Edo State Chapter of Forestry Association of Nigeria, held in Benin
City, Edo State, 48pp.
Adebayo, A. A. and Tukur, A. L. (1999). Adamawa State in Maps. Paraclete Publishers Yola,
Nigeria. Pp. 20-22.
Arnold, J.E. M. (1991): Tree Products in agro-ecosystem. Economic and Policy Issue. Gate Keeper
Series No. SA28. Published by the Sustainable Agriculture Programme of the International
Institute of Environment and Development (IIED). Pp. 3-21
Coleman, D. C. and Hendrix, P. F. (2000): Invertebrates as Webmasters in Ecosystems. CABI
Publishing New York. Pp. 21-29
Daily, G. C. (1997). Ecosystem services: Benefits Supplied to Human Societies by Natural
Ecosystem. Pp. 1-32
Etukudo I.G. (2000): Forests our Divine Treasure. Durand Publishers: Pp. 12-18
Ewel, P. (1996). Ecosystem Processes and the New Conservation theory. In Pickett (Ed). Pp. 71-
Etukudo, I.G., Akpan-ebe I. N, Udofia, A and Attah, V. I. (1994): Elements of Forestry: Usanga
and sons Enterprises. Pp. 7-10.
FAO (2008): Forest and Energy. Key issues. FAO Forestry paper No. 154. Rome
Federal Department of Forestry (FDF) and Federal Ministry of Environment (FME) (1999).
Approved Forestry Development Plan. FDF & FME: 27-53
Fielder, S. 0. and Jain, T. (1998). Resource Management Conservation Planning, NRCS. Field
FAO (1997): State of the World’s Forest 1997. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United
Nation, Rome, 1997. http//www.fao.org/forestry
Gabe, C. (2000) Elephants: The Pride of Kenya. Wildlife Resources Conservation, Field Report.
Gabon, A. (1993): The Effects of Deforestation and Poaching on the Game Animals in Adamawa
State. Department of Ecology Annual Report, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Pp. 3-24
Holling, C. S. and Maffe, G. K. (1996). On Command and Control, and Pathology of Natural
Resources Management. Conservation Biology, University of California Press, USA.
Iroko, O. A. Kareem, A. A. Adio, A. F and Gbadebo, J. O. (2008). Impact of Human Activities on
the Forest and their effects on Climate Change. In:Popoola L, editor. Proceedings of the
32nd Annual Conference of the Forestry Association of Nigeria held in Umuahia, Abia
State. pp. 208-214.
Jones, B. and Robertson, J. (2004). Factors Militating Against Vegetation Growth. Pp.25-29.
Lourean, M. S. Naeem, and P. Inchausth, (2002): Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning. Oxford
University Press, Oxford. Pp. 25-29
Monela G. C, Chamshama S. A. O. Mwaipopo R. and Gamassa, D. M. (2005). A study on the
Social economic and environmental impact of forest land restoration in Shinganga Region,
Tanzania. A Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. United Republic of Tanzania,
and IUCN Eastern African Regional Office, Dares-Salaam, Tanzania, 2005. Pp. 205
Myers, P. R., Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones G. S. Hammond, K. and Dewey, T. A. (2002). The
Animal Diversity Web (online). Animal Diversity Organization. Pp. 39-46
Munson, B. (1994). Ecological Misconceptions, Journal of Environmental Education, 25 (4): 30-
Nigeria Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan (NBSAP) 2002: Nigeria’s Threatened Environment
National Profile: A NEST Publications Pp. 116-118
Olagoke, A. O. and Adekunle V.A. J. (2008): Harnessing Forestry potentials in achieving the
Millenium Development Goals in Nigeria Pp 6-9
Papka, P. M. (1997): Strategy for Sustainable Environmental Conservation through Resource
Development. Proc. 25th Annual Conf., Forestry Assoc. of Nigeria Ibadan, Oyo State. Sept.
22nd -26th 1997: Pp. 281-286
Temu, A. B. (2002). African forestry and challenge of sustainable livelihoods. In: IE. Abu, P. Oni
and Popoola (eds). Forestry and challenges of sustainable livelihoods. Proc. of the 28th
Annual Conf. of FAN, FUTA. Nigeria. 4th -8th November 2002. Pp.30-34.
Reid, W. V. and Miller, K. R. (1989). Keeping Options Alive. The Scientific Basis for Conserving
Biodiversity. Washington D. C. World Resource Institute. Pp. 32-45
Udo, E. J. Ibia, O T. Ogunwale, A. J. Ano, O. A. Esu, E. I. (2007). Manual of soil, plant and
water analysis. Sibon books fourth Avenue Festac Lagos. Pp.65-73.
World Wildlife Fund (2010). Our Earth and Forest. www.panda.org/about-our-earth/aboutforest.
Accessed 11th February, 2011.
Zhigilla, D. A. Abdul, S D. Sawa, F. B. (2016). Plants species diversity, abundance and
distribution in communities of Zamfara State, Nigeria: Implications for conservation.