How to Cite

Tidy, A. S, Saleh, R. A, & Abdullahi, S. (2023). ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SOURCES OF INFORMATION FOR ADOPTION OF IMPROVED COWPEA TECHNOLOGIES IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA . Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 9(2), 12-21. Retrieved from


The research analysed the efficacy of information sources used by cowpea farmers in adopting
improved cowpea technologies in Gombe State, Nigeria. The study applied a multistage
sampling procedure in selecting 606 respondents. Data were elicited via structured
questionnaires analysed using descriptive statistics, and means score. The result shows that,
educated married males dominated the cowpea production enterprise, with a mean farming
experience of 13 years, without belonging to cooperative society, nevertheless, they had access
to informal sources on credit, with extension contact. Cowpea farmers agreed that positive
attitudes such as perceiving the technologies as beneficial, reliable, and compatible with their
farming systems, increases their adoption rate. Fellow farmers and friends, and radio 3.49 and
3.25weighted mean respectively were the effective sources of information, while print media
weighted mean of 2.04 was the least source of information to the cowpea farmers. Therefore,
information on cowpea production should be made readily available to the farmers via
dependable and reliable sources such as (extension agents, radio, friends and other farmers,
inputs suppliers, community leaders, and NGOs) to facilitate adoption of the technologies. It
is recommended that; farmers should be encouraged to belong to cooperative organizations to
pool their productive resources, increase their access to agricultural loans and inputs;
Farmers should be encourage to utilize multiple sources of information to find out more about
improved cowpea technologies. They will be able to access varieties of information as a result
of this, which will help them boost their cowpea production and profits.



Abubakar, M. K., and Magaji, A. (2019). Information sources and needs of small-scale farmers

in Katsina State, Nigeria. Samaru Journal of Information Studies, 19(2), 48-62.

Adetimehin, O. D., Okunlola, J. O. and Owolabi, K. E. (2018). Utilization of Agricultural

Information and Knowledge for Improved Production by Rice Farmers in Ondo State,

Nigeria. Journal of Rural Social Sciences, 33 (1), 76-100.

Adio, E. O., Abu, Y., Yusuf, S. K., and Nansoh, S. (2016). Use of agricultural information

sources and services by farmers for improve productivity in Kwara State. Library

Philosophy and Practice, 1456,

Ajayi, A. E., Oluwalana, O. A., and Ogunmola, O. O. (2017). What does literature say about

the determinants of adoption of agricultural technologies by smallholders’

farmers. Agri Res Tech: Open Access J, 6(555676), 10-19080.

Ataei, P., Sadighi, H., Chizari, M., and Abbasi, E. (2019). Analysis of Farmers' Social

Interactions to Apply Principles of Conservation Agriculture in Iran: Application of

Social Network Analysis. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 21(7),


Bashir, M. B., Ndaghu, A. A., Nakwe, S. H. G., Abdulazeez, A. W. and Samuel, R. T. (2018).

Adoption of Cowpea Production Technologies Among Farmers in Taraba State,

Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 11 (3) PP 37-46.

Boukar, O., Belko, N., Chamarthi, S., Togola, A., Batieno, J., Owusu, E., Haruna, M., Diallo,

S., Umar, M. L., Olufajo, O., and Fatokun, C. (2018). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata):

Genetics, genomics and breeding. Plant Breeding, 138(4), 415-

Duhan, A., and Singh, S. (2017). Awareness towards the sources of information regarding crop

insurance: A case study of Haryana. Journal of Progressive Agriculture, 8(2), 55-59.

Gombe State Agricultural Development Programme (GSADP) (2021). Annual Report.

Harrison, G. M, and Oguntunde, G. A. (2021). Impact of Agricultural Extension Service

Delivery on Cassava Production in Kwami Local Government Area in Gombe State,

Nigeria. African Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Development, 2(1) 2-10.

Kebede, E. (2020). Grain legumes production and productivity in Ethiopian smallholder

agricultural system, contribution to livelihoods and the way forward. Cogent Food

and Agriculture, 6(1), 1722353. https://doi. org/10.1080/23311932.2020.1722353.

Nwaiwu, J. C. (2015). Socio - Economic Factors Influencing Arable Crop Farmers‟ Adoption

of Environmental Conservation Measures in South Eastern Nigeria. International

Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 2(3): 20-25.

Ogunmefun, S. O. and Achike, A. I. (2015). Socio-economic Characteristics of Rural Farmers

and Problems Associated with the Use of Informal Insurance Measures in Odogbolu

Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria. Science Rural Journal of Agricultural

Extension, 2(38): 114.

Onuwa, G. C., Mailumo, S. S., Chizea, C. I., Onemayin, J. J., Idris, R. S., Abalaka, E. and

Ebong, A. C. (2022). Technical Efficiency in Cowpea (vigna unguiculata) Production

in Kanke, Plateau State, Nigeria. Fudma Journal of Agriculture and Agricultural

Technology. 8 (1): 372-382.

Sani, A., Abubakar, B. Z., Yakubu, D. H., Atala, T. K. and Abubakar, L. (2014) Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Adoption of Dual-purpose Cowpea Production

Technologies in Bichi Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria. Asia Journal

of Agricultural Extension Economics and Sociology. 4(6)258-273.

Sennuga S. O., Baines, R. N., Conway, J. S., Angba, C. W. (2020). Awareness and Adoption

of Improved Agricultural Technologies among Smallholder Farmers in relation to the

Adopted Villages Programme: The Case Study of Northern Nigeria, International

Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 10 (6): 34-49.

Sennuga, S. O. and Fadiji, T. O. (2020). Effectiveness of Traditional Extension Models among

Rural Dwellers in Sub-Saharan African Communities. International Journal of

Advanced Research, 8 (4):401 – 415.

Takahashi, K., Muraoka, R. and Otsuka, K. (2020). Technology adoption, impact, and

extension in developing countries’ agriculture: A review of the recent

literature. Agricultural Economics, 51(1), 31-45.

Tijjani, A. R., Nabinta, R. T. and Muntaka, M. (2015). Adoption of Innovative Cowpea

Production Practices in a Rural Area of Katsina State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural

and Crop Research. 3(4):53-58.

Yaseen, M., Shiwei, X., Wen, Y. and Hassan, S. (2016). Farmers' Access to Agricultural

Information Sources: Evidence from Rural Pakistan: Journal of Agricultural

Chemistry and Environment, 5(7): 12-19.

Zhai., M., Beltran, J. F. and Martínez, N. L. (2020). Decision support systems for agriculture

0: Survey and challenges. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 170, 105256.


Download data is not yet available.