ASSESSMENT OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF GURARA DAM IRRIGATION SCHEME TO POVERTY REDUCTION AMONG FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
PDF

Keywords

Irrigation
Poverty status
Gurara dam
Beneficiary
Production constraints

How to Cite

Akinmulewo, B. O., Aiyedun, E. A., Idisi, E. A., & Oladimeji, Y. U. (2023). ASSESSMENT OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF GURARA DAM IRRIGATION SCHEME TO POVERTY REDUCTION AMONG FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 9(2), 22-34. Retrieved from http://jaeess.com.ng/index.php/jaeess/article/view/184

Abstract

The study assessed the contribution of Gurara dam irrigation scheme to poverty reduction among farming households in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Data on respondents’ poverty status, and the constraints faced by farming households in utilizing the Gurara irrigation facilities was collected using structured questionnaire during the 2019 cropping season. A four-sampling stage technique was employed in this study to select randomly 340 farming households made up of 170 each of beneficiary and non-beneficiary. The analytical tools used to achieve the objectives were descriptive statistics, Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) index, and Tobit regression models. The poverty headcount, poverty gaps and severity indices of the Gurara dam beneficiary farming households were 0.24, 0.03 and 0.005, respectively. Decomposition of poverty status of the Gurara dam beneficiary and non-beneficiary farming households based on socio-economic characteristics, institutional and living conditions characteristics was estimated using mean per adult equivalent household expenditure. The Tobit regression model showed that the marginal effects of household size (0.176), cooperative membership (-0.168), farm income (-0.157), farm size (0.404) and credit utilized (-0.193) for farm production were statistically significant determinants of the poverty status of household farmers. The result of analysis of constraints encountered by Gurara dam farming households were ranked from most critical to the least critical; these include inadequate irrigable land and water; excessive cost of irrigation equipment, inadequate inputs, inadequate and untimely supply of inputs, inadequate extension visits and research. Farming households should be encouraged by government and Non-Government Organization (NGO) as well as their cooperative empowerment to engage in small scale irrigation farming to enable increase production of food and alleviate their poverty status.

PDF

References

Abdulrahman, A., Adam, A., Oladimeji, Y. U., & Yusuf, M. (2018). Analysis of poverty status of IFDC project participants and non-participant in Sahel farming households in Nigeria. Dutse Journal of Agriculture and Food Security, 5(2), 208 – 217.
Adekoya, O. A. (2014). Analysis of farm households’ poverty status in Ogun States, Nigeria. Asian Economic and Financial Review, 4(3), 325-340.
Aiyedun, E. A. (2015). Agriculture and Nigerian Economy: Matters Arising. 17th Inaugural Lecture, Published by Inaugural Lecture Committee University of Abuja, Abuja Thursday November 2015 ISBN: 978-978-53578-4-4. 36pp.
Amaza, P., Abdoulaye, T., Kwaghe, P., & Tegbaru, A. (2009). Changes in household food security and poverty status in PROSAB area of southern Borno State, Nigeria. IITA Ibadan, 40pp
Canagarajah, S. J., Ngwafon, I., & Thomas, S. (1997). The evolution of poverty and welfare in Nigeria, 1985-92. World Bank Policy Res. Working Paper No. 1715. Washington, D.C.
Dananto, M. D., & Alemu, E. (2014). Irrigation water management in small scale irrigation schemes: the case of the Ethiopian rift valley lake basin. Environmental Resource Engineering Management, 67, 5–15.
Dudek, H. (2006). Determinants of poverty in Polish farmers’ households: binary choice model approach. Electronics Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities, 2, 45-53.
Etim, N. A., & Solomon, V. A. (2010). Determinants of rural poverty among broiler farmers in Uyo, Nigeria: implications for rural households’ food security. Journal of Agriculture and Social Science, 6, 24-28.
Food and Agriculture Organization (2017). Food Security and Nutrition Situation in Sahel and West Africa. Retrieved from reliefweb.int/report/Nigeria/food-security-and-nutritionsituation-in-sahel and-west-africa-current-March-May-2017.
Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (2014). National Agricultural Resilience Framework. Abuja: FMARD, Pg 7-9.
Federal Ministry of Water Resources (FMWR) (2012). Dams and Reservoirs Operations. Federal Ministry of Water Resources. 22pp.
Ibrahim, H., & Umar, H. S. (2008). Determinants of poverty among farming households in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Production Agriculture Technology, 4(1), 11-21.
IFRP-GHI (2018). International Food Policy Research Institute and Global Hunger Index score trend for Nigeria.
Kabuga, N. A., & Adamu, U. M. (2015). Empirical analysis of rural poverty in Katsina State, Nigeria. Yobe Journal of Economics, 2(1), 115-123.
Kaduna State Government, (20120). https://kdsg.gov.ng
Kyaw, D., & Routray, J. K. (2006). Gender and rural poverty in Myanmar: a micro level study in the dry zone. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 107(2), 103-114.
National Population Commission (2006). National Population Census results. Federal Government of Nigeria Official gazette, 24(94), 6-7.
Ogunniyi, A., Omonona, B., Abioye O., & Olagunju, K. (2018). Impact of irrigation technology use on crop yield, crop income and household food security in Nigeria: A treatment effect approach, AIMS Agriculture and Food, 3(2), 154–171.
Oladimeji, Y. U., & Abdulsalam, Z. (2014). An economic analysis of dry season irrigated farming in Asa River, Kwara State, Nigeria: implications for poverty reduction. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 16(7), 1-15.
Oladimeji, Y. U., Abdulsalam, Z., & Abdullahi, A. N. (2015). Determinants of participation of rural farm households in non-farm activities in Kwara State, Nigeria: a paradigm of poverty alleviation. Ethiopian J. of Env., Studies and Management, 8(6), 635-649.
Oladimeji, Y. U., Adepoju, S. A., Galadima, S. A., & Fagge, A. M. (2018). Socio-economic impact of participation in mining and quarrying on poverty alleviation among rural farming households in Kwara State Nigeria. J. of Agric. and Env., 14(2), 17-29.
Olaoye, O. J., Idowu, A. A., Omoyinmi, G. A. K., Akintayo, I. A., Odebiyi, O. C., & Fashina, A.
O. (2012). Social-economic analysis of artisanal fisherfolks in ogun water-side local government areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture and Biology, 12(4), 8-22.
Olorunsanya, E. O., & Omotesho, O. A. (2011). A gender analysis of poverty profile of rural farming households in North Central, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 4(2), 11-27.
Saleh, M. K., & Mustafa, A. S. (2018). Food security and productivity among urban farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 22(1), 171-180.
Tizita, D. (2017). The Effect of Small Scale Irrigation on Household Food Security in Bona-Zuria Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Unpublished MSc, Thesis, Hawassa Univhawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia. 111pp.
Toromade, (2018). Nigeria living in extreme poverty. www.pulsenews.ng
World Bank, (1996). Nigeria poverty in the midst of plenty, the challenge of growth with inclusion. A World Bank poverty assessment handbook, population, and human resources division report 1473. Washington, DC, World Bank.
World Bank, (2018). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2018. Building climate resilience for food security and nutrition. Rome, FAO. License: CC BY-NC SA 3.0 IGO.
World Poverty Clock, (2018): world data Laboratory https://worlddata.io/

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.