Soil Erosion

How to Cite

M.K.Yahaya, A. Mustapha, A. Suleiman, & M.A.Abdullahi. (2021). LIVELIHOOD VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT TO SOIL EROSION IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 7(1), 115-138. Retrieved from


Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of
natural disasters. The study aims to assess the level of household livelihood vulnerability to
soil erosion in Kano State. The study was conducted in six (6) purposively selected Local
Government Areas of Kano state. Data were collected from 376 randomly selected households.
The focusing parameters are: health, food, knowledge and skills, livelihood strategies, land,
natural disaster and climate variability, socio demographic conditions, social networks,
housing and production means and finance and income. The data were aggregated using a
Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and vulnerability scores were compared. Ungogo was
found to be the least vulnerable with LVI of 0.322 because of better access to basic amenities
and livelihood strategies while Dawakin Tofa with LVI score of 0.412 was the most vulnerable.
The study also found that adaptive capacities of the households are important in limiting
vulnerability and thus promotion of resilience. These results have implications for initiation
and implementation of household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies and
other related organizations.



Adamu, G.K and Aliyu, A. K (2012) Determination of the influence of texture and organic

matter on soil water holding capacity in and around Tomas irrigation scheme, Dambatta

Local Government, Kano State. Res. Journal of Environmental Earth Science,


Adger, W.N. (2001) Social capital and climate change. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change

Research. Working Paper No.8

Adger, W.N., Huq, S, Brown, K, Conwoy, D, Hulme, M (2003) Adaptation to climate change in

the developing world. Program Developing Stud 3(3):179-195

Ahaneku, I.E., (2010) Conservation of Soil and Water Resources for Combating Food Crisis

in Nigeria. Scientific Research and Essays 5(6):507-513

Bai, Z. G, Dent, D. L., Olsson, L and Schaepman, M. E. (2008) Proxy Global Assessment

of Land Degradation. Soil and Use Management 24: 223-234

Bhuiyan, M. A. H, Aidar-Ul Islam, S. M and Azam, G (2017) Exploring impacts and livelihood

vulnerability of riverbank erosion hazard among rural households along the river Padma

of Bangladesh. Environment System Research6: 25

Can, N.D., Tu, V.H. and Hoanh, C.T (2013) Application of Livelihood Vulnerability Index

to Assess Risks from Flood Vulnerability and Climate Variability- A case study in the

Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Journal of Global Environmental Change (1) 74-88

Etwire, P.M, Al-Hassan R. M., Kuwornu, J.K.M and Osei-Owusu, Y (2013) Application of

Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate Change and Variability in Northern Ghana Journal

of Environment and Earth Science Vol3: 2

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) (2013) Restoring the Land. Food and Agriculture

Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy accessed on 1 August, 2019

Hahn, M.B., Riederer, A.M. and Foster, S.O. (2008)The livelihood Vulnerability Index: A

Pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change. A case study

in Mozambique. Journal of Global Environmental Change (1) 74-88

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2007) Climate Change 2007:

Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth

Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge

University, Press

Odunze, A.E. (2006) Soil properties and management strategies for some sub-humid of

savannah zones Alfisols in Kaduna State, Nigeria Samaru Journal of Agric.

Research. 22:3-14

Ofomata, G.E.K., (1985) Erosion in the Forest zone of Nigeria A paper presented at the 27th

Annual Conference of Geographical Association of Nigeria. University of Nsukka

Olofin, E.A and Tanko, A.I (2002) Laboratory of areal differentiation: Metropolitan Kano

geographical perspective. Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano

Pimentel, D (2009) Soil Erosion: A food and environmental threat. Environ. Dev. Sustain. 8:119-

Prosser, I.P., Rutherford, I.D., Olley, J.M., Young, W.J., Wallbrink., P.J. and Moran, C.J (2001)

Large scale patterns of erosion and in river networks with examples from Australia.

Marine and Fresh Water Research. 52: 81-99

Sujakhu, N. M., Ranjitkar, S., Niraula, R., Salim, M. A., Nizami, A., Schmidt-Vogt, D and Xu, J

(2018) Determinants of livelihood vulnerability in farming communities in two sites in

the Asian Highlands, Water International 43(2) 165-182

Telles, T.S., Guimaraes, M.F., Denchen, S.C.F. (2011) The cost of soil erosion. Revista

Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 35: 287-298

Tesfaye, Roos, Campbell, Bruce M Bohlin (2011) Livelihood Strategies and the role of forest

income in participatory-managed forests of Dodala area in the Bale highlands, Southern

Ethiopia, Forest Policy and Economics 13(4)258-265

Tsue, P. T, Nwese N. J and Okoye, C. U (2014) Vulnerability of farming households to

Environmental Degradation in Developing Countries. Evidence from North Central

Nigeria Journal of Economics and Sustainable DevelopmentVol 15: 24

Wang, C.C., Zhang, Y.Q.,Yang, Yang, Q.C., Kush, J., Xu, Y.C., Xu, L.L (2016) Assessment of

different farmers in hilly red soil erosion areas of Southern China. Ecol. Indic. 64, 123-


Download data is not yet available.