The study was conducted in Southwest Nigeria to assess the opportunities and constraints
associated with traditional maize crib and improved maize crib (TMC and IMC) utilization by
maize producers. Proportionate sampling procedure was carried out on multi stage basis to
draw a sample size of 379 respondents. Using a validated and structured questionnaire as data
gathering tool, benefits associated with cribs utilization was measured on a three-point Likerttype
numerical scale 3-1 as highly beneficial (hb), beneficial (b) less beneficial (lb), with
constraints categorized as highly severe (hs), severe (s) and less severe (ls). Data was analyzed
using descriptive statistics involving frequency distribution, percentages and mean. Farmers’
socioeconomic analysis results reveal male as the dominant sex (84.2%), while majority
(87.5%) were married, with mean age of 48 years, average monthly income of N232,229.48 and
mean household size of 6 members. Likert scale mean results ranked cheap acquisition of TMC
and its ability to protect stored maize from excessive sunshine and heat as highly beneficial. The
constraint of direction of wind, rainfall and orientation of TMC was severe and of great concern
to the farmers. Durability of IMC and its ability to maintain moisture content over a period of
time was highly beneficial to maize farmers in the study area while lack of expertize to build
and position IMC was highly severe to more than half (52.3%) of the respondents. Cribs storage
technologies prove to be very beneficial to smallholder maize farmers for storage in periods
not exceeding six months. This study recommends training of maize farmers which could build
their capacity to overcome their stated constraints.
Ahmed, M. H. and Mesfin, H. M. (2017). The impact of agricultural cooperatives membership on
the wellbeing of smallholder farmers: empirical evidence from eastern Ethiopia.
Agricultural and Food Economics volume 5, Article number: 6
Ajah, J. I and Nmadu, J. N. (2012). Farmers’ Perception of Problems Influencing Maize Storage
in Abuja, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Agricultural Research, 5(2): 89-94
Apantaku, S.O., Aromolaran, A. K., Shobowale, A. A. and Sijuwola, K. O. (2016). Farmers and
Extension Personnel View of Constraints to Effective Agricultural Extension Services
Delivery in Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension 20 (2): 202-214.
Atibioke, O.A., Ogunlade, I. Abiodun, A. A., Ogundele, B. A. Omodara, M. A. and Ade, A. R.
(2012). Effects of Farmers’ Demographic Factors on the Adoption of Grain Storage
Technologies Developed by Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI): A
case study of selected villages in Ilorin West LGA of Kwara State. Research on
Humanities and Social Sciences, 2 (6), 56. www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-5766(Paper) ISSN
Arua, E.O (2004). Comparative Cooperative Sysytem. Unpublished Departmental Mimeograph.
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Benson, O.B. (2020). Assessment of Efficiency of Traditional and Improved Maize Cribs Storage
Technologies Adopted by Maize Farmers in Southwest, Nigeria. Ph.D. thesis.
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of
Agriculture Abeokuta, Nigeria.
Benson, O. B., Afolabi, A. A., Ajayi, A. O., Taiwo, T.S., Omotuyi, O. M., Okonkwo, E. U. (2020)
Usage of Maize Storage Technologies for Postharvest Loss Prevention in Oke-
Ogun/Saki Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Annual
Conference of the Agricultural Extension Society of Nigeria, Page 29-37, with Theme:
Enhancing the Role of Public and Private Extension in Soil Conservation and
Agricultural Productivity between 28-29 July, 2020 held at Usmanu Danfodiyo
University, Sokoto, Nigeria. ISSN: 1595 – 1421. http://aesonnigeria.org/ConfProc
Bhuyan, S. (2007). “The People Factor in Cooperatives”. An Analysis of Members, Canadian
Journal of Agricultural Economics, 55(3): 275-298.
Conteh, A.M.H., Yan, X, Moiwo, J.P. (2015). The determinants of grain storage technology
adoption in Sierra Leone. Cah Agric 24: 47-55. doi : 10.1684/agr.2015.0733
Dı´az-Valderrama, J. R., Njoroge, A.W., Macedo-Valdivia, D., Orihuela-Ordo´ ñez, N., Smith,
B.W. Casa-Coila, V.,IRamı´rez-Caldero´n, N., Zanabria-Ga´lvez, J.,IWoloshuk, C.,
Baributsa, D. (2020) Postharvest practices, challenges and opportunities for grain
producers in Arequipa, Peru. PLoS ONE 15(11): e0240857.
Faleyimu, O. I., Agbeja, B. O. and Akinyemi, O. (2013). State of forest regeneration in Southwest
Nigeria, African Journal of Agricultural Research 8(26): 3381- 3383 DOI:
FAO (2011) Food and Agricultural Organisation. Global food losses and waste: Extent, Causes
Hermida, J. (2008). Agricultural Cooperative in Asia. Retrieved: December 23rd, 2020, from
Ibitola, O.R., Fasakin, I.J., Popoola, O.O., Olajide, O.O. (2019). Determinants of Maize Framers’
Productivity among Smallholder Farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 189-198, DOI Link:
Karthikeyen, C., Veeraragavathatham, D., Karpagam, D. and Ayisha, F. S. (2009). Indigenous
Storage Structures. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 8 (2): 225-229.
Matsumoto, T. and Yamano, T. (2010) The Impacts of Fertilizer Credit on Crop Production and
Income in Ethiopia (No. 10-23). National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
Mobolade, A. J., Bunindro, N., Sahoo, D., Rajashekar, Y. (2019). Traditional methods of food
grains preservation and storage in Nigeria and India. Annals of Agricultural Sciences,
: 196–205. www.elsevier.com/locate/aoas
Mijinyawa, Y. (2002). Farm structures: roles and challenges in meeting the needs of the Nigerian
farmer. Aluelemhegbe Publishers, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp. 47-52.
Mwangi, M., and Kariuki, S. (2015). Factors Determining Adoption of New Agricultural
Technology by Smallholder Farmers in Developing Countries. Journal of Economics
and Sustainable Development, 6 (5): 208-216 www.iiste.org.
NBS, National Bureau of Statistics, (2017). Demographic Statistics Bulletin, Projected Population
by State (2012-2016)
Ogunsumi, L. O., Okunlola, J.O., and Ewuola, S.O. (2010). Adoption pattern of farmers in
Southwest, Nigeria: The case of maize and cassava farmers. Agriculture and Biology
Journal of North America 1(4): 476-481. http://www.scihub.org/ABJNA
Olojede, A.A., Adekunle, A. A and Samuel, E. A. (2013). Analysis of rural literacy as a panacea
for socio-economic development of Nigeria. International Journal of Sociology and
Anthropology, 5(9): 381-390, DOI: 10.5897/IJSA2013.0465
Othman, M.K. (2018). Extension agents are grossly inadequate to deliver services to farmers. The
Guardian, Saturday Magazine, 30 December 2018
Sangotegbe N.S., Odebode S.O., Onikoyi M.P. (2012). Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change
by Food Crop Farmers in Oke-Ogun Area of South Western Nigeria. Journal of
Agricultural Extension, 16(1):119-131.
UNECA (2015) United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. Feeding Africa: An Action
Plan for African Agricultural Transformation. A Background Paper on Cereal Crops by
Dr. Harold Macaulay. October, 2015.
USDA (2017) United States Department of Agriculture. World Agricultural Production. Foreign
Agricultural Service Circular Series, WAP 09-17. Accessed September 22, 2020.