This study compared the economics of sesame production between improved sesame seed adopter and non-adopter farmers in Jigawa State, Nigeria. 312 respondents were selected for the study. Data were collected by means of questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent T-test. The result of the socioeconomic characteristics shows a minimum age of 20 years and a maximum of 65 years. Majority (95.8%) was male and 82.4% were married. Most (77.6%) respondents had less than 11 members per family. All the respondents had acquired one form of education or the other. Source of land was purely through inheritance for 85.0 % of respondents with most having about 0.5 ha of farm land. Majority (81.8%) were members of farmers’ organizations. About 68 % have been cultivating sesame for more than seven years. The result of independent T-test on the commercial parameters tested indicated that mean yield for non-adopters was 295.7kg/ha while mean yield for adopters was 458.0kg/ha. Furthermore, Gross mean sale was considered in terms of yield at the harvest time and yield six months after harvest for non-adopters and adopters. Sesame sold during harvest period had a mean gross sale of N140,821 for non-adopters while it was N190,798.65 for adopters. Sesame sold six months after harvest period had mean sale of N309,317.3 for non-adopters whereas that of adopters was N347,538.3. There was a significant mean difference between adopters and non-adopters at 5% level of significance for all the parameters. Price between the two selling periods was N301.2 for non-adopters and N306.2 for adopters. Similarly, gross sale at harvest period of adopters was N190,798,65 while for non-adopters it was N140,821.49 with a mean difference of N49,977.17. Price differentials show no significant difference between the mean of adopters N306.19 and N301.21 non-adopters with mean difference of just N4.97. Therefore, the mean price differential between the two groups is the same. Extension services and farmers’ organizations should work together to involve all farmers in improved crop production.
Ado, G. (2012). Assessment of Jigawa Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (JARDA) in promoting agriculture in Jigawa State, Nigeria: Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal for the Tropics (BEST) 9 (2):38-41.
Agwu A. E., Ekueme J. N. and Anyanwu, A. C. (2008). “Adoption of improved agricultural technologies disseminated via radio programme by farmers in Enugu State Nigeria”, African Journal of Biotechnology 7(9): 1277-1286.
Akinola, A. A., Alene, A. D., Adeyemo, R., Sanogo, D., Olanrewaju, A. S., Nwoke, C, and Nziguheba, G. (2010). Determinants of adoption and intensity of use of balance nutrient management systems technologies in the northern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 49 (1): 25-45.
Amos, T. T. (2007). An analysis of productivity and technical efficiency of smallholder cocoa farmers in Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences. 15(2):127-133.
Bonabana-Wabbi J. (2002). Assessing Factors Affecting Adoption of Agricultural Technologies: The Case of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Kumi District, M.Sc. Thesis, Eastern Uganda.
Doss C. R. (2006). Analyzing technology adoption using micro studies: Limitations, challenges and opportunities for improvement”, Agricultural Economics 34: 207–219.
Garba, A., Abdu, Z. and Makama S. A. (2011). Economics of sugarcane production in Jigawa State. Case Study of Birninkudu L.G.A. Proceedings of National Association of Agricultural Economists (NAAE) 13th – 16th November, 2011, held at Banquet hall, University of Benin, Nigeria.
Idrisa, Y. L. (2009). Analysis of determinants of adoption of improved soybean seed technology among farmers in southern Borno State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.
Jigawa State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (JARDA) (2004) Survey of sesame farm lands in 21 local government areas in Jigawa State. Project management unit, Dutse, Nigeria.
Jigawa State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (JARDA) (2005). “Sesame production-prospects and marketing. Wet season industrial crop production programme.
Jones, K. M. (2005). Technology Adoption in West Africa: adoption and dis-adoption of soybean on the Togo-Benin border. Unpublished MSc Thesis, North Carolina State University.
Kudi. T. M., Bolaji, M., Akintola, M. and Nasa’i, D. H. (2011). Analysis of adoption of early maturing maize varieties among farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. Int. J. Peace dev. Stud. 1(3):8-12.
Makama, S. A, Murtala, N and Z. Abdu, (2011). Economic analysis of sesame production in Taura Local Government Area, Jigawa State, Nigeria. Savanna Journal of Agriculture 6(2), pp. 6-12.
Malimbwi, R. E, Katani, J. Z., Zahabu, E. and Mugasha, W. A. (2009). Improving smallholder livelihoods through woodlots management. An adaptation to climate variability and change in makele district Tanzania. A research proposal, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzanitya.
Michael, C. M. (2011). Agricultural Extension in Nigeria. Agricultural Administration Organisation and Supervision. Agricultural and Rural Management Training Institute (ARMTI). Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
NPC (2006). National population Commission, population census of the federal republic of Nigeria census report national population commission Abuja.
NAERLS (2009). Beniseed production and utilisation in Nigeria. Extension Bulletin No 154, Horticulture Series No 5.
Ndaghu N. N., Zakari A., Shehu A. and Tahirou A. (2015). Socio-economic factors affecting adoption of early maturing maize varieties by small scale farmers in Safana Local Government Area of Katsina State, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics.
Onemolease, E. A. and S. O. Alakpa (2009). Determinants of Adoption Decisions of Rural Youths in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Kamla-Raj Journal of Social Sciences 20(1): 61-66.
Ouma, J. O., De Groot, H. and Owuor, G. (2006). Determinants of Improved Maize Seed and Fertilizer Use in Kenya: Policy Implication. Paper Presented at the International Association of Agricultural Economists ’Conference, Gold Cost, Australia, August 1218.
Valnauwe, B. and Giller, K. E. (2006). Popular myths around soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural Ecosystem and Environment 116:34-46.
Yanguba, A. (2004). Agricultural technology adoption by small-scale farmers: The case of extra-early maize varieties in the Sudan Savannas of Katsina State, Northern Nigeria, Unpublished M.Sc.
Yakubu, S. (2010). Economic analysis of Purdue improved cowpea storage (PICS) Technology in Kano/Jigawa and Katsina states. Unpublished M.sc thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Bayero University, Kano.