Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria and the Challenge of National Integration: Issues and Perspectives


Boko Haram
National integration

How to Cite

RAJI, Adesina Abdulfattah. (2021). Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria and the Challenge of National Integration: Issues and Perspectives. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 6(2), 16-27. Retrieved from


Nigeria is a plural and segmented society in all its ramifications. The federation is composed of people with different ethnic, religious, racial and cultural backgrounds. This heterogeneous composition of the state has been responsible for the internal conflicts. The thrust of this study is an analysis of how Boko Haram insurgency posed as a potential challenge to Nigeria’s national integration. Therefore, the study seeks to explain and analyse the nature and character of Nigerian state prior to independence. It argues that, in the quest for national integration, the nation contends with the problem of integrating her numerous and diverse ethnic groups that constitute the federation. Methodologically, the study adopts Social Identity Theory as its theoretical framework while relying on secondary sources as methods of data collection. In realistic context, the study establishes that, the internal conflict experienced by Nigeria since independence was as a result of poor socio-political, economic and ethnic cleavages caused by failed leadership. It concludes that, the state of insecurity in Nigeria, no doubt, threatened the very fabric of national integration and created the ecology of fear, disquiet and anxiety. To solve these problematic issues, it recommends that, national integration will be a mirage, unless and until, the political culture is well nurtured, intensive and extensive public enlightenment campaign is embarked on, adequate national orientation, education is achieved when youth empowerment scheme is put in place and poverty problem is solved.



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